Does The Hikmah Mean the Sunnah?

Bismillahirahmaniraheem

Praises and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. He neither forgets nor errs. He has revealed the Truth. He has told us that it’s the truth. He is The Truth.

Praise be to Allah. Allah guides and none can guide whom He misguides. Praise be to Allah, He is the All-Knowing. May Allah soften the hearts of the true believing seekers of truth and grant them the guidance.

The hikmah that Muhammad taught, pbuh, was first and foremost the hikmah in the Quran. I don’t deny that he taught wisdom from outside the Qur’an, as he was a wise man, may Allah have mercy on his soul. However, what is meant in the Qur’an when it says that he teaches the Hikmah is not the hadith, but it’s a part of the teachings of Islam found in the Qur’an.

Due to the widespread claim that the Hikmah that Muhammad taught, pbuh, was first and foremost what we today encounter as the Hadith literature, I’ve made an effort to refute that and show the truth of the matter in a short blog, and there are others online that have done the same. Praise be to Allah, Most Gracious.

The Hikmah was given to a number of prophets, including Jesus and Moses

Quran 4:54: Do they, perchance, envy other people for what God has granted them out of His bounty? But then, We did grant revelation and wisdom (Hikmah) unto the House of Abraham, and We did bestow on them a mighty dominion.

Quran 5:110, mentioning Jesus: ‘And I taught you ‘Al Kitab’ and ‘Al-Hikmah’.

So how can it be that the sunnah is The Hikmah, The Hikmah? In that case Jesus learnt the sunnah of Muhammad pbuh. Clearly, that’s not the case.

Contemplate these verses, brothers and sisters, and you’ll see the truth. The Book has no doubt in it. Zhalikal Kitabu, laa roiba fihi.

The words ‘Al Hikmah’ and ‘Al Kitab’ denote something definite.

Al Baqarah verse 129: Our Lord, and send for them a messenger from among them to recite to them your ‘Ayat’ and teach them ‘The Kitab’ (‘The Scripture’) and ‘Al Hikmah’ (‘The Wisdom’).

Allah could have said “some wisdom”. In the verses about the risalah, found in Al Baqarah and Al Jumu’at, Allah could have said “He teaches The Book and some wisdom”, but He didn’t. He said “The Book and The Wisdom”.

Where does Allah bestow Hikmah?

Quran 2:269: He bestows ‘Al Hikmah’ upon whoever He pleases, and whoever attains ‘Al Hikmah’ has indeed attained a great blessing.

What does Hikmah look like?

In Surah 17, we are given a clear demonstration of the word ‘Al Hikmah’ as being the ability to differentiate between right and wrong and the wisdom to choose what is right. If we read the verses from 22 to 39, we find God commanding us not to worship except Him, to honor our parents, to give due alms to our relatives, the needy, the poor, and the traveling alien but without being extravagant or stingy, not to kill our children for fear of poverty, not to commit adultery, nor to abuse the orphan’s money, to trade equitably and fairly, to verify everything before following it blindly and not to act vainly. After such valuable advice God informs us that these virtues are indeed what wisdom is all about.

In that sense ‘Al Hikmah’ is not a book of ‘hadith’ (sayings) of one single person but instead a blessing that God may bestow on any of His servants.

What did Allah say about it?

If God had revealed to Muhammad an additional Sunna other than the Quran, as Sunnis claim, then we would expect God to say ‘We have revealed to you the Qur’an and the Sunnah’ or words to that effect. Instead the only Revelation endorsed in the Quran is the Quran itself:

Quran 6:19: Say, ‘What is the greatest testimony?’ Say, ‘God is the witness between me and you that this Quran has been inspired to me, to preach it to you and whomever it reaches.

The following fact only supports the above verse: The term ‘Sunnah of the Messenger’ does not appear in the Qur’an at all. It hasn’t been included in the Holy Book of Islam, and thus hasn’t been included in what we read in our salat. Glorified is Allah!

Dear reader, thank you for reading. Please forgive me for errors you find me committing and please thank Allah if you get a benefit from reading this blog.

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